-Navpreet Singh An iceberg is more than the part we usually see of it. Same is the case with internet. Only 10% of the network we call “the Internet” is visible to the general public, that is, Surface Web. Hidden below lies a tangled and secretive network known as the Deep Web. Unindexed by search engines, and accessible only with special browsers such as The Onion Router (Tor), the Deep Web is made up of peer- to peer-connections, which allow users to share files directly and secretly.
It is estimated to be at least 500x the size of the Surface Web. This surreptitious network is home to various illegal activities like drug trafficking, arms selling and child pornography. Various hidden documents of legislatures and bureaucracy can be dug down and retrieved from here. The Silk Road became a popular website on the Deep Web. Known also as the “eBay of drugs”, it was a place to buy and sell things but mainly illegal drugs.
Despite the indictment and arrest of Ulbricht, who allegedly operated Silk Road, it’s not clear whether federal officials have figured out how to break TOR’s encryption methods. Some telecom companies of the US, eager to review, track, and control activity within its fuzzy borders, are working relentlessly to bring light to the dark pits of the Deep Web. Government officials and law enforcement agencies, concerned about piracy, illegal trafficking, and leaks, are in the perplexing position of attempting to investigate the same wild netherworld they rely on for their own clandestine operations. But apart from such skulkers, some whistleblowers like Edward Snowden and Julian Assange seek to find the truth via Deep Web and fan out the cards to reveal to the world. No matter how murky the Deep Web may look, it will continue to stay in the premises of access for quite a time. The access is related to the openness of the Internet and the only way to get rid of things is to create a version of the internet extremely controlled, monitored and locked down. Most people would find that unacceptable then.