Health

Lung cancer can be diagnosed at initial stage with certain symptoms

There is possibility of lung cancer in 75% of people who have smoked more than 1 lakh cigarettes/bidis in their life, while the risk of lung cancer is 60% among those who have smoked more than 50,000 cigarettes or bidis in their life.

P Srinivasan I vasu@changingtomorrow.in

Jaipur – Lung cancer can be diagnosed at the initial stage on noticing certain symptoms. So instead of ignoring them, immediately contact the doctor, so that treatment is started early and a person can live for more years.

Senior professor with Sawai Man Singh (SMS) Medical College Jaipur, Dr Narendra Khippal and his assistant Dr Monica Garg studied the symptoms on 500 lung cancer patients and found that if certain symptoms are noticed and not ignored then early diagnosis of lung cancer can be done at the initial stage.

He said if a person suffers regular pain on back and shoulders then it could be the indication of lung cancer. Apart from this pain in chest can also be the symptom. Other symptoms include continuous cough, coughing for long time, blood along with cough, change in voice along with cough and heaviness in voice, repeated infection in chest and repeated cough, breathlessness without any reason, feeling tired and very weak, weight loss and loss of appetite.

Dr Khippal said, “There is danger of lung cancer in 75% of smokers and 15-25% people who do not smoke are also becoming victims of lung cancer.”

In this study it was found that smoking of the main reason for lung cancer. There is possibility of lung cancer in 75% of people who have smoked more than 1 lakh cigarettes/bidis in their life, while the risk of lung cancer is 60% among those who have smoked more than 50,000 cigarettes or bidis in their life.

These days air pollution has increased to the extent that it is becoming difficult to breathe in clean air. The polluted air is directly affecting the lungs as the result patients suffering from lung infection and respiratory problems are increasing. Around 15-20% people are also under the risk of lung cancer due to pollution and modern lifestyle, he added.

Adenocarcinoma, a type of lung cancer is found more in non-smoking youth and women. Another type of lung cancer called non-small cell lung cancer is found 80-85% cases. Maximum of such cases are diagnosed late because no symptoms are found at the initial stage or these symptoms are considered as infection due to which the treatment becomes very challenging, said Dr Garg.

Till 2003 the only available option for advance non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) was chemotherapy and with this the life of patient can be saved for 8-10 months. Recently, oral medicines have come and instead of chemotherapy, the lifespan of lung cancer patients can be increased to 3-5 years with oral medicines and they have been successful. With oral medicines even lifespan of small cell lung carcinoma can be increased.

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