Road Traffic Accident major cause of trauma

Burden of disease due to trauma is increasing, can reduce by following road safety rules.

Road accidents are the leading cause of trauma and the burden of disease due to trauma is increasing.
Sawai Man Singh Medical College Prof Manish Agarwal, the neurosurgeon on the World Trauma Day observed on October 17 every year said that increasing road accidents and injuries are causing death and disability.
Dr Agarwal and his team conducted a study on 330 patients with head injuries admitted to the neurosurgery ward between September 1 and 16, of which 250 were injured in road accidents. He said that out of 250 patients, 124 were injured riding two-wheelers without wearing a helmet. Injured also include 36 pedestrians who were hit by the vehicles, he added.
Further elaborating, the neurosurgeon said that 138 injured were in the age group of 15 years to 35 years, while 89 were in the age group of 35 years to 55 years. He said that 20-25% of these injured suffer from major disability such as paralysis, dementia, speech problems, visual problems, prolonged coma, persistent headache, vertigo, problem concentrating and learning disability in children. Disability due to road accidents affects national productivity as most of the victims are younger population and they become a burden on families, society, state and nation.
Dr Agarwal said that the golden hour for such road accident patients to reach the hospital is just one hour, but the mean time of patients reaching SMS hospital is 8 hours as they come from nearby areas.
According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), 403116 accidents were recorded in 2021, while in 2020, the number of accidents was 354796 and fatality was 16.8%. “Continuous hammering is a must so that people follow the road safety rules and take the required precautions to prevent any trauma. Every citizen should follow the traffic rules, as prevention is better than cure,” Dr Agarwal added.
Praising Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot for starting Mukhyamantri Chiranjeevi Jeevan Raksha Yojana, the neurosurgeon said that it is a great scheme, in which any person who is injured in a road accident will be provided free treatment in government or private hospital for 72 hours to any person without the documents and identity, as this will treatment to the injured within the golden hour. He also lauded the scheme of giving an incentive of Rs 5,000 and an appreciation letter from the Rajasthan government, as this will encourage the people to be good Samaritans to help the injured people reach the nearby hospitals.
The team included Neurosurgery department Asst Professor Dr Rohit Babal, Dr Deepak Lohiya, Resident Neurosurgery Dr Ankit Sharma, Dr Sangram Bal and Dr Manish Bhaskar.

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