The United Nations with 193 member states is the World’s largest and most recognizable organization but does it do justice to the kind of authority it holds ? It’s failing drastically on it’s three main principles of keeping peace throughout the world, developing mutual understanding between nations and to help nations work together to get rid of poverty. UN no longer seems much effective, not just one but multiple massacres and starvation in Africa, more than half a million deaths in Syria, Turkey exploiting it’s power and strategic location by attacking Kurds without any mercy and occupying Cyprus, China is occupying Tibet, Almost in every part of Africa there are despots who rule with an iron fist and milking the country for whatever they can, like Rhodesia now (Zimbabwe) another example from Africa is extraction of blood or conflict diamonds. ISIS is on the rise despite getting instructions from the UN. It is quite evident that the UN from a long time has taken actions mostly in favor of hegemonies and not giving much thought about developing and underdeveloped nations. The problem with the UN is that it is overly bureaucratic and bureaucrats of hegemonic states don’t allow other bureaucrats from developing and under developed states to inculcate much and this bias is from beginning but as a result now it’s coming altogether quite evidently resulting in the ineffective decisions and losing the credibility of the organization. A layman can also say that rather than making operations smooth it caused more chaos between the nations. Major emerging power today China no longer give a thought about making the UN happy they are focusing on there regional pacts, bilateral relations. Many say that the UN was established to prevent World War three and has it happened ? Well now we are on the verge of facing it.
Now let’s assume if the UN no more exists than what ? Well the answer is simple: the regional organizations or the individual nations would need to intervene to guard the peace in many places but it’s already happening. “What we learned during the cold war is that many institutions don’t do well when the World powers disagree. Indeed, if you go back to the United Nations which in some ways is the most basic of the multilateral institutions. It created the security council and gave the five countries that were anticipated to be the great powers of the post world war two and gave them all a veto. The entire premise of that veto was that these institutions should not be used by one major power against another. So the US-Soviet cold war’s come and gone as the Soviet Union. But now you’ve got Russia and China that in many cases oppose the decisions of the US about what they want to do with the world. It’s true that it is a sixty year old organization so these problems are tend to happen but most of them could be resolved if executed on time and now it’s a high time for the UN to either restructure it’s internal DNA or it will completely lose it’s credibility as nations are already taking alternatives instead of approaching the UN now. More than half a trillion dollars spent till now on the UN for it’s policies though some of them worked effectively and efficiently but with this kind of money expenditure a lot could happen and still developing and underdeveloped countries didn’t get what they actually deserved. The best alternatives are regional pacts, local actors of one state engaging with other local actors of other states who understand each other’s history and culture, Indo-Pacific pact is an example. The nations today can’t rely on the UN especially after the Russia-Ukraine crisis though it took a clear stand but did Russia care about it the answer is no. If millions have to die through wars and all the UN can do is give statements and countries are actually waiting for their signal to act then it is much better to fight the battle on your own instead of outer intervention. Underdeveloped and developed countries should focus more on strengthening their own actors rather than depending or waiting upon any other organizations. This is a thing that everyone should learn from China. In many respects and aspects the world is shifting beneath our feet. Yet the charter remains a firm foundation for shared progress.
Writer is student of post graduation on International Relations
Nice content. Keep it up! ❤️✨